BBC: Energy Bill to create 'low carbon economy', says Davey29/11/2012
Energy minister Ed Davey has unveiled the government's much-trailed Energy Bill, setting out the roadmap for the UK's switch to "a low-carbon economy".
Energy firms can increase the "green" levy from £3bn to £7.6bn a year by 2020, potentially increasing household bills by £100.
But big, energy-intensive companies could be exempt from the extra costs of the switch to renewable energy.
There are also proposals for financial incentives to reduce energy demand.
The "transformation" will cost the UK £110bn over ten years, Mr Davey said.
He told MPs: "Britain's energy sector is embarking on a period of exceptional renewal and expansion.
"The scale of the investment required is huge, representing close to half the UK's total infrastructure investment pipeline."
The government's plan formed the "biggest transformation of Britain's electricity market since privatisation," he said.
Measures proposed in the Bill and consultations include:
- Household energy bills to rise £100 on average by 2020
- "Green" levy charged by energy firms to rise from £3bn to £7.6bn
- Switch to clean energy to cost £110bn over ten years
- Bill aims to encourage investment in low-carbon power production
- Energy-intensive companies may be exempt from additional charges
- Possible financial incentives to reduce energy consumption
Mr Davey said government policy was "designed specifically to reduce consumer bills", arguing that without a move to renewable energy, bills would be higher because of a reliance on expensive and volatile gas prices.
The Energy Bill aims to move the UK's energy production from a dependence on fossil fuels to a more diverse mix of energy sources, such as wind, nuclear and biomass.
This is to fill the energy gap from closing a number of coal and nuclear power stations over the next two decades, and to meet the government's carbon dioxide emissions targets.
By allowing energy companies to charge more, the government hopes they will have the confidence to invest the huge sums of money that are needed to build renewable energy infrastructure such as windfarms.
But the opposition said that investment in renewable energy had fallen under the coalition.
"The reason that's happened is because of the uncertainty the government has created - that's why firms have put investment on hold, or scrapped it altogether," said shadow energy and climate change secretary Caroline Flint.
She added that the absence of a carbon cap for the energy sector for 2030 further undermined investment in renewables.
But in a consultation paper published alongside the Bill, Mr Davey said energy-intensive industries, such as steel and cement producers, would be exempt from additional costs arising from measures to encourage investment in new low-carbon production.
"Decarbonisation should not mean deindustrialisation", Mr Davey said.
"The transition to the low carbon economy will depend on products made by energy intensive industries - a wind turbine for example needing steel, cement and high-tech textiles.
"This exemption will ensure the UK retains the industrial capacity to support a low carbon economy."
Without the exemption, the government fears big companies would cut jobs and relocate abroad.
The government proposals to reduce electricity demand include financial incentives for consumers and businesses alike.
For example, firms could be paid for each kilowatt-hour they save as a result of taking energy-reduction measures, such as low-energy lighting.
Householders and businesses could be given discounts and incentives to replace old equipment with more energy-efficient versions.
The government believes a 10% reduction in electricity demand could save £4bn by 2030.